Stages of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease Can Be Controlled

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease affects three out of four adults. It is caused by bacterial plaque build-up that infects the periodontal (gum) tissues. This infection destroys the tissue and bone that supports the teeth. The #1 cause of adult tooth loss in America is periodontal disease.

The solution to controlling periodontal disease is relatively simple. After initial therapy, combine professional dental care (usually four times a year), with effective daily plaque control at home.

Signs and Symptoms

What To Look For!

An Adequate Home Care Program and Regular Dental Office Visits Can Control Periodontal Disease.


  • Gums have healthy pink color

  • Gum line hugs teeth tightly

  • No bleeding


  • Gums bleed easily when you brush or when probed gently during examination

  • Gums are inflamed and sensitive to touch

  • Possible bad breath and bad taste

  • Gums between teeth may look bluish-red in color

Early Periodontitis

  • Gums may begin to pull away from the teeth

  • Bleeding, puffiness and inflammation more pronounced

  • Bad breath and bad taste

  • Slight loss of bone, horizontally on X-ray

  • Pockets of 3-4mm between teeth and gums in one or more areas of the mouth

Moderate Periodontitis

  • Gum boils or abscesses may develop

  • Teeth look longer as gums begin to recede

  • Front teeth may begin to drift, showing spaces

  • Bad breath, bad taste

  • Both horizontal and angular bone loss on X-ray

  • Pockets between teeth and gum range from 4-6mm deep

Advanced Periodontitis

  • Teeth may become mobile or loose

  • Bad breath, bad taste are constant

  • Roots may be exposed and are sensitive to hot and cold

  • Severe horizontal and angular bone loss on X-ray

  • Pockets between teeth and gum now in excess of 6mm deep

  • If you are experiencing signs or symptoms of periodontal disease, you should contact your dental professional as soon as possible for a complete evaluation. With today's knowledge and technologies, you do not have to prematurely loose your teeth to this disease.

We have treated many people suffering from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis to achieve improved health.


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© Your Dentistry Today. All rights reserved.

Dr. Michael D. Matthias, D.M.D.  M.A.D.G. | Master of the Academy of General Dentisty

General Dentistry | Family Dentistry | Cosmetic  Surgery | Laser Dentistry

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